With this article we want to explain the difference between the native grape varieties of Piedmont and the international ones.

First of all we give you some information on the history of the wine and grape varieties.


vendemmia nel monferrato

Vitis Vinifera and the origin of wine

From which vine was the wine they drank in ancient Greece or ancient Rome obtained? What we tell you will amaze you! If you are wondering from which vine the wine we have been drinking for millennia is obtained, the answer is only one: Vitis Vinifera. A vine with a very ancient history with the Mediterranean at the center of its diffusion.

Vitis Vinifera, through infinite hybridizations, has given rise to over 12,500 varieties of vines with different characteristics in terms of bunches, berries, leaves, and type of wine obtained. The history of wine originates from the vine, a history that has conditioned the habits, customs and traditions of entire civilizations. It is no coincidence that Christianity has associated bread and wine with the Body and Blood of Christ.


International vines

International vines are those vines which, grown in various parts of the world, have always given good quality wines, so much so that they have spread everywhere. The main international vines are Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Syrah, Chardonnay, Grenache, Pinot Noir; in Italy Sangiovese, Montepulciano, Glera from which Prosecco comes. International vines are also called non-native vines or non-native grapes.

Native vines

An autochthonous vine is defined as a typical, unusual vine which has a limited diffusion in the small territory of origin whose environmental, cultural and social values it expresses.

Native grapes in Italy

In Italy, the National Register includes 884 varieties of native grapes with ever-changing characteristics in terms of aroma, taste and structure. The wines produced with native grapes are trendy today, they are full of personality and represent a good response to the global standardization of taste.

Why so many native vines in Italy?

Because the Italian territory is very diversified in terms of climate and geographical structure between hills, mountains, plains and maritime areas.
These characteristics, combined with the great ease of hybridization of Vitis vinifera, have given rise to the proliferation of typical vines which, in Italy, reflect the uniqueness of the territory of origin and the related rural cultural tradition.

Research of native vines

In recent years, oenology institutes have obtained wines derived from forgotten native grapes by searching for them in the high hills or mountains where, due to the abandonment of agriculture, there are isolated vines still free of root, having survived phylloxera and vine diseases lives.

Native Piedmont vines at Tenuta la Marchesa

We only produce typical Piedmont wines obtained from native Piedmontese grapes grown in our vineyards.
We only make wine in stainless steel in order to avoid giving hints of wood to our wines.

Typical white vines from Piedmont

Among Piedmontese white wines, one of the most famous is Gavi, derived from the native Cortese vine which, despite being widespread in various areas of Piedmont, best expresses its typicality in the Gavi area.

The native red vines of Piedmont

The Albarossa vine

Albarossa is an indigenous Piedmontese grape obtained from a cross between Nebbiolo and Barbera way back in 1938.

Among the typical wines of Piedmont, Albarossa is a wine with great structure, ruby red in color with purple hues, with a complex bouquet rich in fruity sensations and spicy notes, harmonious, velvety, with excellent persistence and hints of minerality. The refinement takes place exclusively in stainless steel, to avoid the typical notes of wood that cover the varietal aromas.


The Pelaverga vine

Pelaverga is a typical Piedmontese black grape variety abandoned in 1800 due to phylloxera and recovered in the last century for local consumption.
The Pelvaro wine is a pure Pelaverga with a beautiful purple color and intense aromas of white pepper mixed with notes of blackcurrant enhanced by the refinement in stainless steel.


The Slarina grape variety

Slarina is an indigenous Piedmontese vine from the Monferrato area which, in purity, gives the typical Piedmontese wine Larino, an unusual Piedmont red with aromas of cherry and black cherry. The refinement takes place exclusively in stainless stell, to avoid the typical notes of wood that cover the varietal aromas.

The Uvalino grape variety

Uvalino is a native Piedmontese grape from Monferrato once cultivated by farmers in a few rows to obtain a wine dedicated to special occasions.
Our Valino is a red wine with an almost black colour with great structure and complex spicy aromas with a light hint of liquorice. The refinement takes place only in stainless steel.

The native grapes experience at Marchesa

If you choose our native grapes experience you will be able to visit our wine estate and the cellar with a tasting of our 4 typical Piedmont wines from native grapes, choosing the wine that will accompany your next lunch or dinner in our farmhouse.

How to buy the wines of Tenuta la Marchesa

The wines can be purchased at the estate’s sales point from Monday to Friday 9.00-12.00/13.00-17.00 Saturday and Sunday by reservation on 0143/743362 – 335/7618507 or The Marchesa wines can be shipped to your home all over the world at a fare that include the transport and duty.
The price list will de send on demand.


If with this article we well explained you the difference between the native grape varieties of Piedmont and international vines and we have convinced you to purchase our wines from native Piedmont grapes, fill out the form below to book a visit to our estate to purchase the wines directly or have them shipped to your home.

Send this to a friend